Joseph Black

Joseph Black 1747-1823
Pioneer, Patriot, Presbyterian
link to Abingdon wiki

Campbell’s Corps Muster map
Timeline

06Sep1745 William Williams fined four pounds at Winchester for the performance of marriages and twenty-six shillings more when he made a violent protestation before the Court.
22Feb1747 Joseph Black birth
22Oct 1747 John Black will recorded
06Apr1748 Wed John Black estate settlement
04Sep1750 Fri Joseph Black orphan survey 440 ac “where his father lived”
29May1751 Sat Elizabeth Colville Black deeds John Black tract to their son Joseph Black
26Nov1751 Fri 440 ac survey is recorded for Joseph Black adjoining Lewis Stephens cc Samuel Colville, Joseph Colville surveyor John Baylis.
27Nov1751 Sat Lewis Stephens surveys 779 ac adjoining John Young, Sam Vance, David Logan, Joseph Black, Bob Beale, Wm Richey, Colville (Joseph Black on survey, widow on plat), cc Goodman Yound and Paul Froman. Surv John Baylis.
January 1754 Elizabeth filed a widow’s claim to 400 acres of “waste land.”
Jan1754 Elizabeth remariies the widower Samuel Newell.
06Nov1754 Joseph’s half brother Samuel Newell is born.
__Jan1756 Joseph’s half sister Sarah Newell is born. She later married Joseph Vance making him a double brother in law to Joseph Black. (They counted ballots for Sevier and Blount counties at Sarah and Joseph’s house in 1798.)
1756 Joseph Newell was in a Frederick Co court case.
20Sep1757 Lewis Stephens letter to George Washington mentions the Samuel Newel plantation.
1759 Jane Colville Black married John Vance
1762 Elizabeth and Samuel buy Cedar Creek farm.
12Oct1762 Wed. Elizabeth Colville Black Newell has property of her deceased husband John Black surveyed.
07Oct1763 King George Proclamation, no settlers outside Atlantic watershed
12Sep1767 David Vance will recorded in Winchester. Janet is among the children.
Abt 1769 Joseph married Janet Vance.
31Dec1770 Mon Joseph’s step brother Thomas Newell gets the “waste land” farm adjoining his.
P 621 Summers “History SW VA” Some time between 1765 and 1770 Joseph Black, James Piper, Andrew Colville, Samuel Briggs, George Blackburn, and James Douglas settled Abingdon
P271 Joseph Black, deputy sheriff
03Mar1772, Joseph Black and Janet his wife sold their 440 acre farm to John Timberlake
1772 Joseph Black is a signer of Charles Cummings pastoral call to Sinking Springs (Abingdon).
02Jun1773 Charles Cummings call presented
09Jul1773 Fincastle Road commissioner from Samuel Briggs on 18 mile creek to James Bryan on 11 mile creek with Andrew Colville, Samuel Ewen, William Blackburn, George Blackburn, Samuel Briggs, Davis Galloway, John Berry, Christopher Acklin, John Keswick, John Vance, and Benjamin Logan.
08Sep1773 Wed Sam 1713 or 1748 Newell and Joseph Black on jury duty Fincastle Co. Andrew Colville, Joseph Black, Wm Blackburn, George Blackburn, and Christopher Acklin appointed to a road commission. Sam 1748 Newell suit v Evan Williams, Fincastle Co.
14Apr1774 Dr Thomas Walker deeded 305 acres to Joseph Black and 325 acres to Andrew Colville on 18 Mile Creek.
03May1774 Fincastle Co ordered Benjamin Logan to open a road from James Fulkerson’s to the wagon road at Joseph Black’s.
1774 Black’s Fort erected
1776 Washington Co formed. First court at Black’s Fort. Wolf Hills renamed.
04Jul1776 Mon. Declaration of Independence
20Jul1776 Day of battle of Long Island Flats, The little Black’s Fort is replaced with the larger one sufficient to hold 600 settlers.
26Feb1777 Joseph Black commissioned Lt of VA militia. Andrew Colville as Capt.
26Feb1777 Wed Rebecca Creswell, widow of Henry Creswell was granted administration of his estate by the court of Washington Co., VA, with her securities being Samuel Newell and Joseph Black, Andrew Colville, John Vance, George Blackburn appraise. Henry was first burial at Sinking Springs Jul 1776.
29Apr1777 Deputy sheriff under James Dysart
30Apr1777 Courthouse to be builtat place granted by Thomas Walker, Samuel Briggs and Joseph Black.
May1778 Joseph Black and David Carson hired to lay off 5 to 10 acres for the jail lot.
19Aug1778 Joseph Black and others commissioned to examine bills for bounterfeit.
17Aug1778 Mon. Sam Newell appointed to appraise the estate of John Jacobs with John Vance, Samuel Evans, and Joseph Black.
17Mar1779 Wed Sam Newell sworn in as deputy for sheriff James Dysart. Joseph Black and Andrew Colville commissioned for a road from Sam Newell’s cabin to (Paperville TN) 20 mile creek.
16Jun1779 Wed Jury duty for Samuel Newell and Joseph Black
22Mar1780 Joseph Black appointed to commission of Washington County
Oct 1780 Elizabeth Colville had sons Joseph Black and Sam Newell, sons in law William Blackburn, John Vance, and John Cusick and brother Andrew Colville in the Battle of King’s Mountain.
20Nov1780 Mon The court provided for the Lusk orphans. One of the two oldest chose to be bonded to Joseph Black, the other to Andrew Colville. The court divided the younger ones between Colville and Black. The Lusk name appears later as a spouse in one of the Sam Newell related family trees.
1782 Washington Co Personal Property Tax list for Captain Joseph Black’s district shows Samuel 1713 Newell with 10 cows and 4 horses and Samuel 1754 Newell with 2 horses.
16Sep1783 Tue Sam 1754 Newell is magistrate in his last session of Washington County court with brother Joseph Black also on the bench.
Summer 1784 Joseph Black and Alexander Montgomery are magistrates in Washington Co VA.
Jan1785 and following, Joseph Black was a commissioner in the investigation of charges against Col Arthur Campbell.
Mar1786 Joseph Black deposition and testimony taken in behalf of Col Arthur Campbell.
Jun1787 Joseph Black purchaser lot 15 Abingdon
16Jun1792 Wm Blount appoints Joseph Black as Captain, Knox County militia.
Jan1796 Joseph Black elected to Tennessee General Assembly representing Bloount County
Feb 1796 Joseph Black signs Tennessee COnstitution
25Mar1825 Joseph Black burial, Eusebia Cemetery
21Jun1854 Joseph Black Newell letter to Lyman Draper. None of the Joseph Newell sons David K, Samuel A, Edwin L, nor William O had children.

Joseph Black 1747-1823
Pioneer, Patriot, Presbyterian

Frederick County VA years
Joseph Black was born on the frontier in Frederick Country Virginia before Frederick County was really in business. His father, John Black, was barely visible in the records. His mother, Elizabeth Colville Black, was a daughter of early immigrants west of the Blue Ridge who were prominent in the Opequon area. On his birthday, 22Feb1747, George Washington turned 15 years old.
The John Black farm was on Buffalo Marsh Run between Elizabeth’s father Joseph Colville (Map 8 tract 140N) about four miles north at the crook of Opequon Creek and her aunt Sarah Colville Vance about two miles down the Buffalo Marsh Run almost to Cedar Creek. Elizabeth’s brother Joseph had the next farm south adjacent Sarah and Samuel Vance. It straddled Cedar Creek at Mulberry Run adjoining the Presbyterian Meeting place.
In October 1747, John Black “of Opeckan” recorded his will in Winchester VA. Witnesses were Wm Vance (Tract 95E), John Morse, and Samuel Vance. John said he was feeble in body but strong of mind. John Black was obviously a good former. He granted a horse and at least another farm animal to each child, even Elizabeth, his unborn daughter, as well as Elizabeth his wife. John granted his farm to his only son Joseph Black after Elizabeth no longer needed it. In April 1748, the will was executed in Winchester. Witnesses were David Logan (Tract 133G), James Colville (other side of Cedar Creek adjacent Joseph Colville Jr, brother of Elizabeth), and Robert Allen (Tract 140E).
In the name of God amen the 22nd day of October in the year of our Lord God 1747, I John Black of Opekan in the County of Frederick being very sick and weak in body hut of perfect mind and memory thanks be given unto God therefore calling to mind the mortality of any body and knowing it is appointed unto all men once to die do make and ordain this my last will and testament that is to say principality and first of all I give and recommend my sould unto the hands of God that gave it and for my body I recommend it to the earth to be buried in a Christian like and decent manner at the discretion of my ….rs nothing doubting but at the general resurrection I shall receive the same again by the mighty power of God and as touching my worldly estate wherewith it has pleased God to bless me in this world I give, bequeath, and dispose of same in the following manner and form First of all I give and bequeath unto Elizabeth my dear wife the black mare with two cows the one red and the other pied and one ewe and all the household good with the use of the plantation while she remains in widowhood. Next I give and bequeath to Joseph my son the right and title to my plantation after his mother’s decease or marriage with the gray horse and the red cow and one ewe and my clothes and saddle and bridle. Likewise I give and bequeath unto Jane my daughter, the sorrel mare and the black cow and one ewe also I give and bequeath unto my daughter Christian the bay horse and the red yearling heifer and the white faced steer and one ewe and the ram and to my daughter Martha I give and bequeath the young bay mare and two heifers and one ewe. I also give to my child unborn I give and bequeath the young mare colt and one ewe. I also order that all my just debts and dues shall be payed equity oout of the effects. I also order and constitute William Evins and Joseph Colvill executors and no others to be of this my last will and testament I have herewith set under my hand and seal the day and year above written signed sealed finished and delivered by the said John Black the testator as and for his last will and testament in the presence of us the subscribers
Wm Vance, John Morse, Samuel Vance.
At a court held for Frederick County on Tuesday the first day of March 1747 this will of John Black sworn witnessed and recorded. J Wood court clerk
At a court continued and held for Frederick County on Wednesday the sixth day of April 1748
The inventory of the estate of John Black now deceased appraised by David Logan, James Colvel, and Robert Allen is as follows viz
A gray horse, 1 sorrel mare, 1 bay horse, 1 black mare, 1 bay mare colt, 1 black cow and yearling heifer: 21:0:0
1 black cow, 1 yearling heifer 2:7:0
2 cows and claves 3:10:0
1 cow and 1 heifer 2:3:0
5 ewes and 5 lambs 1:15:0
17 hogs 4:13:4
1 mattock 0:3:9
2 clevis an old dog and old iron 0:4: 9
1 chamber 2 old hanging of a double tree 0”3”0
1 saddle 1:0:0
1 old whipsain 0:9:0
Approved by us subscribers according to oath and our best judment:
David Logan, James Colville, Robert Allen

Elizabeth’s younger brothers Andrew (1731) and Samuel Colville (1733) probably helped Elizabeth on the farm and perhaps lived there during her 1748-1753 years alone.
The infant Joseph’s 400 acre farm had not been recorded by the county, but his mother proved herself quite capable. In 1750, she had the farm surveyed and in 1751 deeded to Joseph. Then in January 1754 she filed a widow’s claim to 400 acres of “waste land.” It was adjoining the farm where they lived on the NE side toward her dad’s farm. Her widow’s right recorded, the next day she married the widower Samuel Newell.
The John Black farm house was about a mile SW of today’s junction of Frederick County route 625 and 631, about ½ mile W of the junction of Carson Lane and route 625.
The Episcopal church had exclusive franchise for the Virginia Colony. Frederick Parish kept records of their births, marriages, and deaths. But the Colvilles were Presbyterians, founding elders of Opequon and Cedar Creek congregations. Cedar Creek Presbyterian had a meeting place because no Presbyterian church was allowed. Rev Hogue, pastor of the Opequon Presbyterians was fined by Frederick County court for performing marriages and christenings. He was fined again for contempt of court when he objected. With no preserving source for the records, Presbyterian birth dates were kept privately. But with so many duplications of names among cousins and among generations, the accuracy has degraded through the years.
John Black displayed the typical Presbyterian reverence and devotion in his will. Members of his extended family were elders of two area churches. Whether the Blacks attended at Opequon or at Cedar Creek or both is not recorded.
From age two to eight, Joseph had his grandfather, his uncles, and four sisters. Apparently he welcomed his new step father Samuel 1713 Newell in 1754. Everyone on the frontier had to be a good worker to provide their own food, clothing, and shelter. Elizabeth was well organized. She surely had the children contributing what they could as soon as they could. Caring for the animals and chopping wood with Uncle Andrew’s instruction are likely chores for Joseph. Neighbors became part of the extended family. They watched out for you and you watched out for them. In November 1754, Joseph got a kid brother to watch out for, Samuel Newell Junior. Samuel Newell Senior missed the birth, detained by Atlantic storms as he returned from business in Scotland. Perhaps he brought back some Sheffield steel kitchen knives for Elizabeth and a hunting knife for young Joseph.
Animals, both domestic and wild, were a part of frontier life. Buffalo Marsh Run, by its name, was obviously once part of the range of the huge animals which tramped down the Warriors’ Path which the Indian hunters followed and the white settlers turned into “The Great Waggon Road.” To protect from bears and cats, the frontier men bought long rifles from gunsmiths in Pennsylvania. Unlike the muskets around the coastal areas, the rifle fired an elongated projectile instead of a round ball. The spiral grooves cut on the inside of the barrel started the bullet spinning so that it held its line instead of knuckle balling. The longer barrel gave a more focused aim, a more accurate exit from the barrel, and a better muzzle velocity. Joseph probably studied a neighbor or an uncle intensely in the care and use of a rifle. He’d also need to learn how to care for and use a knife. You’d ruin the venison if you didn’t properly remove the stink gland.
Many skins and hides made it from the frontier back across the Blue Ridge. Some stayed in the coastal colonies for their use. Others were valuable cargo back to Europe to satisfy the lavish desires of the wealthy. Beaver, otter, mink, and big cats were in high demand in Europe and in the coastal cities. Philadelphia, Williamsburg, and Baltimore needed leather for harnesses, reins, saddles, seat covers, and other uses. The frontier folks used bearskin rugs, buckskin jackets, and coonskin caps.
Samuel Newell had more than the basic woodworking tools. Wagon tar was in his estate inventory. Beyond those household items which would have gone to Elizabeth unmentioned were several wooden products. We can imply that he made wheels, wagons, churns, buckets, and furniture. Joseph would have seen him turn a tree on the stump into a log dragged in. Then a log made into boards. Then boards formed into snuggly fitting parts.
Horses were so important that the loss of a horse on the frontier could mean the loss of life. Punishment for horse thieves was accordingly the loss of life. Training a horse for different types of work took time, talent, and persistent attention. Rewarding a horse for a good job brought loyalty. Plowing, riding, pulling a wagon, and other chores took different horse skills. Joseph got his first horse at the age of two. His father’s will showed that John Black loved each of his family, had worked hard to provide for them, was a very good at animal husbandry, and knew the importance of a horse. John had picked out a particular horse for his wife and each child and carefully described each, even for his unborn child. Not only the horses, but he knew his other animals personally and called out a specific one for each of those he loved.
Elizabeth or one of the men let Joseph learn to shear the sheep. His sisters probably had mounds of wool to spin thread through the winter. It is well documented that the Scotch Irish grew flax in the Virginia Valley to make thread for linen.
In a 1757 letter to George Washington, Lewis Stephens mentioned the Samuel Newell plantation (Joseph Black’s farm) as if George was personally familiar with it.
In 1759, Joseph Black’s oldest sister Jane Colville Black married John Vance, son of David. Later, Janet Vance married Joseph Black and Joseph Vance married Sarah Newell (Joseph Black’s half sister). Sister Christian Black married Christopher Acklin. Sister Martha Black married John Cusick. In 1772, each of these signed the call to Charles Cummings to be pastor of Sinking Springs Presbyterian Church (Abingdon). Each also owned property near Sinking Springs in the Fincastle County years. That means that they were probably already married and became property owners when they moved to what became Abingdon Virginia.
In 1762, Elizabeth CB and Samuel Newell bought and moved to the farm (tract 133G) on Cedar Creek at Turkey Run just downstream from Lewis Stephens and upstream from her brother Joseph Colville. That was now their third farm, crossing Cedar Creek and Buffalo Marsh Run, ranging about five miles from the southwestern tip to the northeastern point, separated by one of the Lewis Stephens tracts., covering about 1200 acres. Joseph Black and his step brother Thomas Newell were teenagers. Andrew Colville was in his late twenties, probably already married to Mary Craig. Samuel Colville was in his mid twenties. Samuel Newell Senior was about fifty and Samuel Newell Junior only eight. Living arrangements are not documented, but Joseph and Thomas had some riding to do to manage the animals, pastures and fields. Somebody surely stayed at the John Black house. Samuel and Elizabeth probably moved to the land they had just bought. Cedar Creek, almost of river proportions at their farm could turn a paddle wheel steadily. Newell could have rigged up a lathe to turn axles, spokes, and chair rungs. When they sold the Cedar Creek farm to Isaac Zane, it was with improvements. The deed did not specify what the improvements were, just that there were some. Zane improved it some more becoming the largest employer in Frederick County at his iron works.
David Vance’s (tracts 140G and 95A) will of 12Sep1767 is recorded Bk 3, p422 showing sons David, John, and Joseph Colville Vance and daughters Mary, Ann, Martha, and Janet.
Family tradition would have Joseph Black, already a plantation owner of some means, getting married at the age of twenty one or soon thereafter. Jane Kiser says it was before 1769.
On 03Mar1772, Joseph Black and Janet his wife sold their 440 acre farm to John Timberlake. He was a leader of a caravan to Wolf Hills where he had a claim on Beaver Creek.
In 1772 Joseph Black signed a pastoral call to Charles Cummings for Sinking Springs Presbyterian Church. Other signers from Frederick County were his dad Samuel Newell Sr,, his Uncle Andrew Colville, his brothers in law John Cusick, John Vance, Joseph Vance, and William Blackburn, William’s brothers Arthur and George Blackburn, and Mary Craig Colville’s brothers Robert, David, and James Craig. Other Sinking Springs signers with names from Frederick County and perhaps in the caravan were Thomas Berry, Alexander Breckinridge, John Campbell, John Davis, Thomas Edmonson, Davit Gitgood, John Kelley, William Kennedy, Benjamin Logan, William Miller, John Robinson, John Sharp, Thomas Sharp, James Thompson, Samuel White, Wesley White, William White, and Samuel Wilson.
Blacks Fort years
Botetourt County VA was formed from Augusta County, then 01Dec1772 Fincastle County from Botetourt . Then in 1776, Fincastle disbanded after forming Montgomery, Washington, and Kentucky counties. The whereabouts of Dr Thomas Walker (the scout, surveyor and land office proprietor for the Virginia/North Caroline border area) if they exist, has been elusive. I have visited several courthouses and historical societies and have yet to find a definitive list. I suspect that the records are split among fifteen to twenty counties and each may have some portion of the original documents. None of them seem to want custody or responsibility since they predated every area county’s official formation. Some say that they were moved to Wisconsin with Lyman Draper.
Folks at the Abingdon Historical Society (HSWCV) paint this picture. Joseph Black built a small fort in 1773 and Blacks Fort became the name of the town. In 1776, he built a larger fort to accommodate up to 600 pioneers. It served as the Washington County seat for the new county’s first business in 1777. In 1778 the town was renamed to Abingdon, the name of the British estate of Martha Washington. cou , think that their building s part of Samuel Newell’s farm, that J
Land for Abingdon lots 120 acres surveyed by Robert Doach for courthouse, jail, and lots to be sold to fund the building from Thomas Walker, Samuel Briggs, and Joseph Black. Logs and timber collected on Black’s land to build a magazine. Dysart ordered it used to build a courthouse. And a prison

Surveyed jail
2 forts, city dump
West side of creek 25 yards S of railroad
Kings Mountain
Washington County Magistrate
Blacks Blockhouse, Blount Co TN years
In October 1792, Governor William Blount of the territory south of the Ohio appointed Joseph Black as a Captain of the Knox County militia.
1796 Signed first Tennessee Constitution
Rep Blount County 1st general assembly
Eusebia