Andrew Colville

Andrew Colville grew up on the south side of the northern crook of Opequon Creek below what would become Winchester VA. When his older sister, Elizabeth’s husband, John Black, died, Andrew and their younger brother Samuel Colville became surrogate fathers for the five Black children. Andrew married Mary Craig at Opequon Presbyterian Church.

In 1771, Andrew Colville investigated Dr. Thomas Walker’s subdivision of Wolf Hill which was marketed at Winchester and Staunton thru Walker’s agent Daniel Smith. AC scouted out the upper Holston River area around Wolf Hill. In 1772, he was a leader of the caravan from Opequon to Wolf Hill (Blacks Fort, now Abingdon) with Mary Craig’s brothers, Benjamin Logan, Blackburns, Vances, his sister Elizabeth Newell, Elizabeth’s five children and their spouses, and brother Samuel Colville and Samuel’s wife Agnes.

Samuel and Agnes Colville died en route to their new tract. Their sons Samuel, Joseph, and George were deeded (Fincastle County Book I at Christiansburg CH archive) the farm from Dr. Walker by agent, Daniel Smith. The Colville orphans grew up at “Newell’s improvement” on uncle Andrew’s farm.

Andrew Colville was active in community service in organizing Fincastle County, then Washington County. AC was a road commissioner and a militia captain. AC was one of the callers to Charles Cummings, the fighting parson of Sinking Spring Presbyterian Church. AC contributed land for expansion of the sprawling Sinking Spring Cemetery in Abingdon.

The Andrew Colville Company was one of Colonel Campbell’s finest, so they received two extra assignments in the Kings Mountain expedition. On the way back from the first scouting assignment to learn the deployment of Major Gibbs’ Red Coats, AC “requisitioned” some Tory beef at Cowpens. The patriots had a big barbecue the night before the battle. Before the battle at Kings Mountain, Colville’s rangers were assigned to take out the British guard post at the east end of the mountain and cut off the escape route from the mountain. Then Colville’s company took their sector in the circle to tighten the noose on Major Ferguson’s regiment.

Andrew Colville, Jr later moved from Abingdon to Buck Creek in Pulaski County KY with Andrew Cowan, James Dysart, John Breeden, and other Washington County founders. Andrew Colville Montgomery (son of Robert Montgomery and Sarah Jane Colville) and wife Elizabeth Christy Craig (daughter of David Craig?) moved with Andrew Colville junior to the part of Pulaski County which became Rockcastle County.