Cuttawa

Samuel Newell patrolled the Kentucky Road after college in 1776 until he moved South of the French Broad in 1783. He used the Cumberland Gap (Cherokee name Cuttawa) later for trips between Kentucky, Tennessee, and Virginia.

After the Revolutionary War, Newell used his warrants in lieu of pay from Virginia to buy three tracts in current Lee County VA. The “home” tract was on Martin’s Creek near Rose Hill. The second outpost was at Mulberry Gap on Walker’s Line. The third outpost was at Crank Gap on Cain Creek at the Kentucky line. From these properties Newell was able to watch traffic to and from Cumberland Gap and people entering or leaving the county at the next two most likely points.

You can bet that Samuel Newell did not see this view from Cumberland Gap.
First, it is on down the Cumberland River quite a few miles.
Second, we are not sure if he could stand on his head (the picture is up side down).
Third, this gorgeous moon bow picture was taken after the ledge collapsed lowering the falls..
But Samuel Newell might well have watched a more beautiful moon bow right side up when he passed by or even camped on the boulders behind the waterfall.
peek at Cumberland Falls Moon Bow

Samuel Newell and Isaac Shelby were part of the guard for the surveyors, Walker from VA and Henderson from NC who were marking the state line. Deeds contain “Walker’s Line” and “Walker’s Old Line.” Disputes among the surveyors resulted in running more than one state line by Walker, Henderson, and others. The Mulberry Gap tract is south of the current VA-TN line.

Page 321 – Cornelius Barnes – 5000 ac – treasury warrant dated September 22, 1783 #19542 – in Powells Valley on both sides of the lower north fork of Powells River – corner to Hugh Campbell – in a grasey swamp corner to James Campbell – crossing the north fork – corner to John CAMPBELL – corner to Samuel Newell – April 30, 1786

Page 349 – Col. Evan Shelby – 620 ac – Preemption warrant #1524 dated September 29, 1781 – on both sides of Powells River above and below the wagon ford – beginning on the end of the Elk knob – line of Thomas Campbell’s land – corner to Cock’s land – at the foot of Cumberland Mountain and along the same – March 30, 1786

Page 349 – John Jameson – 300 ac – treasury warrant #15152 – in and above the junction of the three forks of Powells River – beginning on the north bank of the river corner to Breckenridge’s land – corner to the Preston land – crossing the south fork – crossing the river by the mouth of said forks – March 29, 1786

Page 350 – John Jameson – 300 ac – treasury warrant #15152 – on Mulberry creek joining the lines of Samuel Newell’s land on the east end, said creek being a south branch of Powells River – corner to Newell’s land – on a spur of Powell’s Mountain – on Walker’s line, corner to Newell’s land – March 23, 1786

Page 350 – Job Ingram – 130 ac – treasury warrant #12563 – on both sides of Little Mockison Creek – corner to Wallins land – at the foot of Clinch Mountain – April 17, 1786

Page 350 – James Fulkerson, assignee of James Dysart – 190 ac – treasury warrant #8483 dated April 5, 1782 – on the waters of little Mockison Creek and on the waters of Copper Creek in a gap of Copper Ridge – April 17, 1786

Page 350 – Frederick Jones – 585 ac – treasury warrant #19650 – on both sides of Powells River below William Anderson’s survey – at the foot of Wallins Ridge – March 27, 1786

Page 352 – William Campbell – 725 ac – treasury warrant #10179 dated December 22, 1781 – on the north side of Powells Mountain and on the south side of Wallings Creek, a south branch of Powells River – passing along a line of Jameson’s land – on the side of Powell’s Mountain – March 23, 1786

Page 353 – Henry Lewis – 385 ac – treasury warrant #19650 – on the waters of Trading Creek, a north branch of Powells River including the head of Priests Spring – March 25, 1786

Page 353 – William Brice, assignee of Patrick Riley – 60 ac – treasury warrant #11782 – on the west side of Grassey Creek below the mouth of Laurell fork of said creek, a north fork of Copper Creek – March 11, 1786

Page 353 – Joseph Morton – 325 ac – treasury warrant #10087 – on the head of the long hollow and on the waters of Shavers Creek, a north branch of Powells River – March 17, 1786

Page 353 – John Anderson – 617 1/2 ac – treasury warrant #11964 – on both sides of the north fork of Clinch River above and below the Turkey branch – beginning on the west bank of the river – on the side of the knobs – in a gap of the knobs – on the top of a low ridge corner to Wallins land – April 22, 1786

Page 353 – Samuel Newell – 120 ac – treasury warrant #10306 dated December 24, 1781 – on both sides of Mulberry Creek, a south branch of Powells River – beginning on Walkers line – March 23, 1786

Page 354 – William Livingston – 700 ac – Preemption warrant – #2091 dated April 5, 1782 – on both sides of Mockison Creek above Mockeyson gap – beginning in said gap on the east side of the creek – corner of his settlement right – at the foot of Clinch Mountain – April 28, 1786

Page 354 – William Livingston – 400 ac – Commissioners Certificate – on both sides of big Mockison Creek above and below the mouth of little Mockison Creek – beginning in a gap on the east bank of the creek – crossing little Mockison Creek – April 28, 1786…John Livingston – 400 ac – on Mockison creek in the gap on the north side of Clinch Mountain, includes improvements, actual settlement made in 1774 – September 1, 1781…Assigned to William Livingston on December 24, 1785. Witness: Robert Preston. Signed: John Livingston

Page 354 – James Dysart – 100 ac – treasury warrant #8483 – on both sides of Copper Creek above and below Amos Ellord’s spring branch – beginning on the west side of Molls Creek, a north branch of Copper Creek – to Copper Creek and down the same – February 17, 1786

Page 354 – James Dysart – 400 ac – treasury warrant #8480 – on both sides of the Kentucky path on the south side of Clinch River – April 18, 1786

Page 355 – James Dysart – 375 ac – treasury warrant #8483 – on the head of the Middle Fork of Powells River – beginning at the foot of Stone MOUNTAIN at the west end of the meadow ground – crossing the fork – on the east side of the Buffaloe hollow – at the foot of the black mountain – March 29, 1786

Page 355 – James Dysart – 150 ac – treasury warrant #8483 – on both sides of Laurel Creek, a north branch of Copper Creek – beginning on the west side of the same – February 14, 1786

Page 355 – James Dysart – 720 ac – treasury warrant #12567 – between Obey’s and Plank Camp Creeks, both north branches of Copper Creek – beginning on the north side of Obey’s Creek – above Plank Camp Creek – at the foot of knobs – crossing Obey’s Creek – February 13, 1786

Page 355 – James Dysart – 43 ac – treasury warrant – !2567 – below the mouth of greasy creek, a north branch of Copper Creek, including Bryans lower lick loggs – beginning on the west side of a branch – at the mouth of greasy creek – February 14, 1786

Page 355 – James Dysart – 30 ac – treasury warrant #8480 – at the mouth of Plank Camp Creek, a north branch of Copper Creek – beginning on the bank of Copper Creek – crossing Plank Camp Creek – February 14, 1786

Page 355 – John Breckenridge – 900 ac – treasury warrant #10700 dated January 12, 1782 – on both sides of Powells River including the long bottom – beginning on the north bank of the river at junction of the three forks of said river – on a rocky flat opposite to a piny gap of Powells Mountain – March 29, 1786

Page 356 – Robert Preston, assignee of Stephen Wallen – 75 ac – treasury warrant #1983 – in a bent of Clinch River on the south side of the same at the falls – April 9, 1786

Page 356 – John Breckenridge – 385 ac – treasury warrant #7314 – on the north side of Powells River above the wagon ford – beginning corner to Cock’s land – corner to Col. Shelby’s land – March 30, 1786

Page 356 – John Breckenridge – 410 ac – treasury warrant #10700 dated January 12, 1782 – on both sides of Powells River at the mouth of Thompson’s Creek – beginning at the foot of the River Ridge where said river binds on said ridge – on the east side of the river – along the foot of the ridge crossing the creek – at the upper end of a cedar clift – on the south side of the Horse Mountain – March 28, 1786

Page 356 – John Breckenridge – 500 ac – treasury warrant #10700 dated January 12, 1782 – on both sides of the north fork of Clinch River and below the Saltpeter Cave – beginning at the foot of Powell’s Mountain – crossing the fork – passing the Saltpeter Cave – March 30, 1786

Page 356 – Joseph Rhea – 245 ac – treasury warrant #15153 – in Powells Valley on the waters of the Glade Spring branch and on the waters of Mount’s Creek – beginning corner to Jester Cock’s land – March 16, 1786

Page 357 – Robert Preston, assignee of John Preston – 50 ac – treasury warrant #15153 – on both sides of Copper Creek, a south branch of Clinch River and on both sides of the Kentucky path – beginning on the south side of Copper Creek – February 15, 1786