Buffalo Marsh

The name of this little Frederick County creek begins to tell a tale of Kings Mountain. There were Buffalo. Their path between the Blue Ridge and the Allegehny Mountains became an Indian trail, then a Warriors’ Path, then a settlers’ trail, a “Great Wagon Road”, Lee Highway, Interstate 81. From Alabama to Pennsylvania, the buffalo tromped out the beginnings of Virginia’s western valley road.

Second, the settlers learned two extremes in life on the frontier with Indians. Early settlement near a Sawnee campground was peaceful. The Shawnees had plenty of hunting ground. The Shawnees had valuable lessons and products to offer to the white men. The white men had valuable products and lessons for the Indians. Bilingual skills were necessary for harmonious trade. The cultural raiders of the Indians and the provoked raiders of the French turned peaceful outposts into necessarily defended camps.

Third, the iron deposits yielded a source for local iron and steel so that dependence upon expensive European products gave way to local independence and prosperity. Local people applied their European experience with flax and linen, hemp and rope, animals and leather. Samuel 1713 Newell applied his wood and iron working skills to make wagons from the natural resources around Opequon and to tar, paint, and grease them for wear. Star Tannery and Zanes Iron Works are nearby. Strasburg mixed the Alsacian names, culture and skills of mixed French and German among the Scots-Irish and Indian.

  • Opequon map
    Opequon has a Presbyterian Church. The Royal Governor Virinia governor gave exclusive shurch control to the Anglicans. This joined the Lutherans, Presbyterians, and other congregations into meeting places. Second Opequon Presbyterian bespeaks the spread of the meeting places as the pews overflowed and new ones were started and the contraction of the church sites as they built larger buildings for shrinking families.
  • Cedar Creek
    Opequon Presbyterian was Joseph Colville’s meeting place. Cedar Creek was Elizabeth Colville’s second meeting place with her brothers, cousins, and neighbors. Blackburn, Vance, and Newell families gathered here for religious and defense purposes. Some of them gathered for another Presbyterian benediction at Sycamore Shoals on the Watauga River in North Caarolina (now Tennessee) in September 1780. One of them said his final prayer at Kings Mountain in South Carolina.Fourth, the expanding large, healthy, strong, young families expanded and wanted more room to expand more generations. They moved south and west. Some crossed the mountains and moved with the flow of the Ohio River. Galtjo Goertsema gace us two maps, Map 8 of the 1750s in O’Dell’s History of Old Frederick County and the US Geo qudrangle picture two centuries later. when O’Dell was writing the book.

    Buffalo Marsh sent soldiers to Kings Mountain. It sent reserves ready willing and able for Kings Mountain who were held to protect the home front. Your Times and Places book pinpoints the nighborhoods of several on O’Dell’s map 8.

  • Buffalo Marsh map

    Kings Mountain warriors

    William BLackburn
    Andrew Colville
    Joseph Colville
    John Cusick
    Samuel Newell
    David Vance
    James Vance
    Samuel Vance

    Home front security
    Christopher Acklin, Abingdon Tavern
    Joseph Black, Blacks Fort
    Benjamin Logan, Lincoln Co KY
    Joseph Vance, Blacks Fort

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